ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
Antigua and Barbuda (Spanish for “ancient” and “bearded”) is a twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands and Redonda).
Antigua is 650 km southeast of Puerto Rico; Barbuda lies 48 km due north of Antigua, and the uninhabited island of Redonda is 56 km southwest of Antigua. The largest island, Antigua, is 21 km across and 281 km² in area. Barbuda covers 161 km², while Redonda encompasses a mere 2.6 km².
The capital of Antigua and Barbuda is St. John’s, located at St. John’s Harbour on the northwest coast of Antigua. The principal city of Barbuda is Codrington, located on Codrington Lagoon.
The country is nicknamed “Land of 365 Beaches” due to the many beaches surrounding the islands. Antigua is the main population centre and the focus for business and tourism. Relatively-undeveloped Barbuda is home to smaller, exclusive resorts and a sanctuary for frigate birds.