Saint Kitts and Nevis – Country Profile

Saint Kitts and Nevis mapSAINT KITTS & NEVIS
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island nation in the West Indies. It is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population.

The capital city and headquarters of government is Basseterre on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller state of Nevis lies 3 km southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called “The Narrows”.

To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten and Anguilla. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat.

The islands are of volcanic origin, with large central peaks covered in tropical rainforest; the steeper slopes leading to these peaks are mostly uninhabited. The majority of the population on both islands lives closer to the sea where the terrain flattens out.