Shepherding is a tactic used by a player to give a teammate a clearer path with the ball. Shepherding is achieved with an outstretched arm which acts as a barrier between the player who has the ball, or is about to take possession, and an opponent who is anxious to stop him.
A player can be shepherded by an opponent provided the ball is not more than five metres away.
A free kick is awarded against a player who shepherds an opponent and makes contact with the face, head, neck or shoulder. A free kick is also given if a player attempts to shepherd a player who is in the air attempting to mark the ball.